Antibiotics are essential to human health, but they can lead to complicated antibiotic resistance if not properly administered. The main risk with this type of resistance is to not be able to cure critical diseases due to a lack of efficient antibiotics to prescribe. Therefore the French Agriculture Minister, Stephane Le Foll, and the French Health Minister, Marisol Touraine, announced in late november measures in order to ensure a better use of antibiotics in animal health as well as in human health.
For example, the prescription of antibiotics with higher risk of generating resistance will be limited. Test devices will be generalized among health professionals to determine which antibiotic is the most suitable for each patient.
Some antibiotics considered as “critical” will be preserved to be used only as the last available option. This type of case-by-case prescription of these antibiotics will thus need to be experimented with. An informative campaign will also be launched among citizens and medical professionals to raise awareness on this issue.
More specifically, in the animal sector, veterinary advisors will be designated to monitor the prescription of antibiotics for veterinary use. The use of “critical” antibiotics will be reduced and the conditions for prescription of those antibiotics will be strengthened. In this framework, the French authorities will issue prescription guidance.
Those measures are part of the French government program to follow the WHO (World Health Organization) and OIE (World Organization for Animal Health) recommendations concerning the use of antibiotics for human as well as animal health.