To achieve the agroecological transition, investing in the modernization of equipment to provide farmers with more environmentally friendly materials is a priority. Farmers also need to transform their equipment to better adapt to climate change.
French citizens expect an agriculture that uses less input materials, in particular concerning plant protection products like pesticides and herbicides. Even while the French government has taken several strong measures in this regard, it is necessary in parallel to encourage actors to modernize their aging hardware inventory (the average phytosanitary spraying equipment is 15 years old) or to equip themselves with hardware allowing a radical change in practices or even in production systems.
The evolution of production systems is conditioned on the availability of materials and technologies that are compatible with agroecological production: it is important then to provide aid and investments to farmers to aid in their acquisition, all while promoting innovation in the production of these materials.
Speeding up the modernization of equipment and the development of technologies allowing for a more reasoned use or even total abandonment of plant protection products and of natural resources (fertilizers, water) is a necessity. Investment aids for converting old or poorly performing farm equipment has thus been put in place in order to make French agriculture the spearhead agricultural system in Europe of sobriety in plant protection products. Investments in green technologies within the agro-food and precision equipment sectors are also supported.
Farmers must also increase their resilience to disruptive climate events, whose frequency and intensity are increasing. Beyond just adapting their business strategies, farmers must invest in protective tools, particularly in the tree and grape industries where the important capital costs makes insurance costs particularly expensive.