The French Ministry of Agriculture recently hosted a symposium on conservation farming in order to better understand this method of production. Soil conservation agriculture is based on the simultaneous implementation of three agricultural practices in synergy: permanent soil cover, longer crop rotations, and increased crop diversity, in addition to untilled soil practices.
This symposium dealt with two large themes:
- The technical aspects, to explain what conservation farming is, its agronomic advantages, the services it provides to the ecosystems, as well as the technical challenges that remain to be resolved.
- The operational aspects, with concrete examples of converting agricultural practices to conservation farming, and the issue of aid with a dedicated conservation program (agriculture-environment-climate measure).
Supporting conservation farming is fully part of the agro-ecological plan of France, standing beside several other plans to combine economic, environmental and social roles of agriculture.
Conservation farming indeed provides agronomic and eco-systematic services such as limiting erosion or saving non-renewable resources. Better knowledge of these advantages could thus help contribute to its development.