On October 2, 2011, new legislation was passed in France concerning the nutritional balance of lunches served in schools.

Several new rules concerning the nutritional quality and the quantity of some products will be implemented in cafeterias serving more than 80 people. Fried food will not be served more than once a week. Fat and sweet food will also be limited. Fresh vegetable or fresh fruits and cooked vegetables will be included in half of the meals. Salt and condiments (ketchup, mayonnaise, salad dressing) will no more be left on self-service. Regarding the quantity, a range of portions considered appropriate for each age has been released. Four to five different main dishes will be served each lunch period, and will include a garnish and dairy product.

These new regulations will affect 6 million students. Nutritional rules existed, but according to French Minister of Food and Agriculture, Bruno Le Maire, they were neither applied nor monitored. From now on, managers of cafeterias will have to report in a registry, providing documents certifying the composition of the meals served. For students who may be hungry with these kinds of meals, the new law also requires that students can get as much bread as they want.